Hatha yoga – hatha yoga is the generic name for any yoga that emphasizes physical postures and breathing, as opposed to meditation, chanting breathwork, or something else. If you see this as a class description it may possibly imply that it is a fundamental class, or that it does not adhere to a particular rigid program, or that the postures will be taught 1 at a time, as opposed to flowing into every single other.
Yoga flow – yoga flow is a lot like hatha in that it may possibly not adhere to a precise program, but the postures will be linked with each other in a choreographed flow of postures, generating the class commonly a lot more athletic than a uncomplicated hatha class. (Despite the fact that athletic must not be confused with sophisticated.) Vinyasa may possibly be synonymous with yoga flow having said that vinyasa flow is commonly a lot more athletic and will involve a lot more sun salutations. The term vinyasa actually implies sequenced in an proper way, but it has come to imply postures linked with each other with breath or postures linked to 1 a different. In a vinyasa class, the teacher may possibly say “take a vinyasa” which commonly implies to go from exactly where you are by means of plank, chaturanga, upward dog or cobra, and back to downward dog.
Iyengar yoga – Iyengar yoga refers to the precise program of yoga developed by B.K.S. Iyengar, a big pioneer in bringing yoga to the West as a physical practice. Iyengar was a disciple of T. Krishnamacharya, and as a youth was in pretty poor wellness. He practiced yoga for several years, healing his physique, and utilizing his practice as a laboratory for understanding precisely how the yoga postures operate on the physical and subtle levels of the physique. His program is thought of the most precise in terms of alignment principles, is identified for utilizing several yoga props, and for getting rather strict and rigid.
Ashtanga vinyasa yoga – ashtanga vinyasa yoga is a difficult and athletic program created by the late Sri K.Pattabhi Jois, also a disciple of T. Krishnamacharya. Ashtanga yoga is the original vinyasa, or energy yoga, and the kind on which these two are primarily based. There are six series of postures, every single constantly practiced in the precise sequence, though the vast majority of practitioners will never ever get beyond the initially or second series. The sequences are constantly practiced with sun salutations and a sequence of standing postures at the starting, followed by the series itself, and a closing sequence at the finish. Ashtanga is traditionally taught as a self-practice discovered 1-on-1 with your teacher having said that “led” classes have come to be the norm. Energy yoga was initially coined as a westernized term for ashtanga yoga, though it has evolved to be a lot more synonymous with vinyasa, or a pretty athletic, flowing, sun-salutation-primarily based practice, at times in a hot space.
Bikram yoga – bikram yoga is at times referred to as “hot yoga” as it is practiced in a space of 95-105°F. It is a 90-minute class, and there are 26 postures constantly practiced in the identical order, facing a mirror. It was created by Bikram Choudhury and is now the only yoga program to be franchised and trademarked.
Kundalini yoga – Kundalini yoga was created by the late Yogi Bhajan of the Sikh tradition. Kundalini is a hugely energetic practice consisting of “kriyas,” or sequences of asanas and breathwork, intended to raise the practitioner’s consciousness and merge it with infinite, or divine, consciousness.
Anusara yoga – Anusara yoga was created by John Pal, a former Iyengar teacher, who codified what are referred to as Universal Principles of Alignment. It is a hugely precise, physical program of yoga that is also strongly tied to Tantric philosophy, with a heart-primarily based connection to the divine. Anusara actually implies “flowing with grace.” Kripalu is a commonly gentle kind of hatha yoga focused on the subtle flow of power, utilizing the physique as a car to access spirit. Restorative yoga is a deeply therapeutic practice that utilizes supported, gentle postures held for extended periods of time in order to cultivate a deep state of relaxation.
Yin yoga – yin yoga is primarily based on Taoist yoga practice. Seated or supine postures are held for a extended time to get a pretty deep tissue stretch, normally targeting the connective tissues inside the joints.
The history of yoga
The Sanskrit word yoga has the literal which means of “yoke,” from a root yuj which means to join, to unite, or to attach. It is a physical, mental, and spiritual discipline that originated in ancient India. It is mentioned and typically accepted that yoga is thousands of years old. Whether or not it is two,000 years old or five,000 years old, or someplace in in between is unclear. What is clear is that the yoga people today practiced thousands of years ago looked pretty distinct from what we do now in your standard yoga class. In the starting, yogis (people today who practice yoga are referred to as yogis, or yoginis, which is the feminine kind) had been ascetics who left behind material wealth, spent hours or days in meditation, and attained spiritual gifts referred to as siddhis which permitted them to do crazy items like levitate or bilocate (be in two locations at when), as described in Paramahansa Yogananda’s Autobiography of a Yogi . Inside Hindu philosophy, the word yoga is utilized to refer to 1 of the six orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy. Yoga in this sense is primarily based on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali.
Patanjali program is discussed and elaborated upon in several classical Hindu texts and has also been influential in Buddhism and Jainism. There are several other ancient texts that go over yoga referred to as the Upanishads, or in other words, the revealed word of God. The Bhagavad Gita is an essential spiritual text which is thought of an Upanishad, and which implies Song of God. The Gita, as it is identified for brief, is a 700-verse Hindu scripture that is component of the ancient Hindu epic, but the Gita is often treated as a freestanding text. It is the most well-known and beloved of yoga texts and was revered by the likes of Ghandi, Albert Einstein, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Carl Jung. The ambitions of yoga are varied and variety from enhancing wellness to attaining moksha, or liberation from worldly suffering. But the yoga that is discussed in the ancient texts has to do with utilizing meditation and devotion to obtain union with the divine, not with undertaking physical yoga postures. Hatha yoga, or physical yoga as we know it, is a program of yoga introduced by Yogi Swatmarama, a Hindu sage of 15th century India. The word hatha may possibly esoterically be mentioned to derive from the Sanskrit terms ‘ha’ which means sun and ‘tha’ which means moon. As a result, hatha yoga is identified as the branch of yoga that unites pairs of opposites referring to the constructive (sun) and adverse (moon) energetic currents in the physique. Swatmarama introduced his program to be a stage of physical purification and bodily practices as preparation for larger meditation. It is primarily based on asanas (postures) and pranayama (breathing tactics.) Hatha yoga became well-known in the West starting in the second half of the 20th century, and is what we now take into account “yoga.” The most complete text of hatha yoga is the Hatha Yoga Pradipika compiled by Yogi Swatmarama, supposedly derived from older Sanskrit texts on yoga and on Yogi Swatmarama personal yogic experiences. It contains information and facts about shatkarma (purification), asana (postures), pranayama (breathing and subtle power handle), chakras (centers of power), bandhas (internal “locks”), nadis (channels), and mudras (symbolic gestures), amongst other subjects.
How the philosophy is applied in your teaching is up to you. Though the yoga we practice in yoga teacher coaching or studios now is technically hatha yoga, component of what has produced yoga so well-known and beloved by so several people today is the integration of the wisdom and philosophy of the different paths of yoga into the modern yoga encounter. The very best teachers weave tactics from the different regions of yoga into their classes. I appreciate yoga philosophy and make use of its lessons in my teaching of the physical postures some yoga teachers appreciate chanting, and integrate that some appreciate the esoteric or subtle anatomy of the chakras, and teach them inside the context of the yoga postures. This can not be forced but desires to arise for every single teacher in an genuine way. So obtain what you appreciate and integrate it as you see match. But initially, teach sound physical sequences with fantastic alignment instruction. Themes and philosophy are sophisticated teaching tactics which can be overwhelming for new teachers, and must seriously spring forth organically from your encounter as a practitioner. Sadhana implies practice and refers to the precise yogic tactics or spiritual disciplines 1 chooses to adhere to on a every day basis. Every single of the yogic paths may possibly lead to the identical result—union with divine consciousness —but the tactics and 1 utilizes to get there may possibly differ. The paths of yoga you must be familiar with are:
- Hatha Yoga – the yoga of physical postures and breathing workout routines, as previously discussed
- Bhakti Yoga – the path of devotion to the divine, such as prayer, ritual, and chanting
- Karma Yoga – the path of appropriate action, or selfless service, focused on the causes and effects of our actions
- Jnana Yoga – the path of know-how, by means of study, questioning, meditation, and contemplation
- Raja Yoga – the “royal” path, or the path of meditation or self-handle
The eight limbs
Raja Yoga consists of Patanjali’s Ashtanga Yoga, or eight-limbed path. It has come to be well-known to refer to the meditative path as Raja Yoga so as not to confuse it with the well-known physical style of hatha yoga that is also referred to as Ashtanga Yoga. Right here, the eight-limbed path refers to the sadhana a yogi follows to obtain Samadhi, or bliss, as laid out by Patanjali in The Yoga Sutras. The eight limbs are:
1. Yama – code of conduct, or self-restraint
- Ahimsa – compassion or non-violence
- Satya – truthfulness
- Asteya – non-stealing
- Brahmacharya – moderation or sexual restraint
- Aparigraha – non-covetousness or non-greediness
two. Niyama – observances or commitments
- Saucha – cleanliness or purity
- Santosha – contentment
- Tapas – discipline or austerity
- Svadhyaya – self-study and study of sacred texts
- Ishvarapranidhana – surrender to a larger energy
three. Asana – posture or physical activity
four. Pranayama – breathing practices to integrate thoughts and physique
five. Pratyahara – withdrawal of the senses
six. Dharana – concentration, 1-pointedness of the thoughts
7. Dhyana – meditation
eight. Samadhi – blissful awareness
The 5 koshas
According to yoga philosophy, human beings are produced of physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual elements that function with each other as a holistic program. The koshas are like sheaths or layers of human consciousness. The layers are visualized like the layers of an onion, from the dense physical physique, inward to the subtle levels of the feelings, thoughts, and spirit. The 5 koshas are:
- Annamaya kosha – the physical self, or “food body”
- Pranamaya kosha – the power physique, composed of prana, or very important power
- Manomaya kosha – the thoughts, such as each the thoughts and the 5 senses
- Vijnanamaya kosha – the intellect and ego, the know-how of our identity or “I-ness”
- Anandamaya kosha – the bliss physique, a reflection of the Atman, or accurate Self The 5 koshas operate as 1 program, providing rise to the self and the multitude of techniques we encounter getting human.