In this write-up, I will be writing about the phenomenon of time, and particularly how we approach it and how it displays our reality. It is typical understanding that time is relative, but how and why?
CONSCIOUSNESS AND BRAIN PROCESSING OF EVENTS
Just before something else, I want to clarify that consciousness is not a ceaseless and continuous phenomenon. Reality FEELS like a nonstop stream of events, but this is simply because our capacity for awareness is much less than the brain resolution price. As William H. Calvin explains: the sense of continuity happens simply because the minimal increment of distinction to discern “now,” which is about 50 milliseconds, exceeds the threshold of resolution.
In 1989, Nobel laureate Gerald M. Edelman determined the approach recognized as “Temporal Summations“. These are the temporal patterns in which neurons approach details, which is afterward recognized as “experience”. The brain has a “scanner” of transcerebral and coherent electromagnetic waves moving from the front towards the back of the brain itself. The usual variety of this scanner is amongst 10 to 20 milliseconds.
As a result, the brain processes the input from our atmosphere into “time packets” or “time slices” of about 10 to 20 milliseconds.
Dr. Michael Persinger established that this price is optimal for our brain and consciousness. The brain can only approach a determinate price of slices, and if the slices of time are also substantially -hence thinner-, then we could barely detect something also, if the slices are also thick then we would be overloaded by the general input.
THE TWO-STEP PROCESSING OF A PERCEPT
A current study created by Herzog, Kammer, and Scharnowski in 2016 determines that the processing and awareness of events take place in two stages. This signifies that there’s a lag from when we initially encounter a thing, to when we’re essentially conscious of it. For the duration of the initially phase, the brain processes distinct capabilities of an object (like colour or shape), and the second stage is the transference of the stimulus to actual conscious perception. These bits of details are recognized as qualia, and are closely associated to the Neural Correlates of Consciousness, of which I currently wrote about at the Neuroscience of Consciousness post.
These scientists detected that the whole two-stage approach can final up to 400 milliseconds, this is practically half a second, and definitely is substantially a lot more than the minimal distinction to discern ‘now’ (50 ms). It is clear that some processes require a lot more time prior to becoming conscious.
RELATIVITY OF TIME
The relativity of time is manifested when any encounter tends to make us really feel like time is also slow or also quickly, as a response of our consideration and situations. Have you ever looked at a clock and the hand that displays the seconds appears stuck for like two or three seconds prior to moving to the subsequent spot?
A further instance is when you are playing a game, only five minutes are left to play, a single group is winning by a single target (or point, touchdown, or what ever) and the other group is desperately attempting to tie the game prior to the referee declares the finish of it. Based on which group you are on, time will either run also quickly (losing group) or also slow (winning group). Each teams have complete consideration to the moment, but the mood and situations are opposite. The pace of time is not completely dependent on consideration, but also on feelings.
HOW TO BE Conscious OF THE SLICES
A cool way to come across out how this slices may well be, is by observing a pretty quickly rotating object, such as the helicopter blades, or a fidget spinner. We certainly cannot see the continuous rotation due to its higher speed, so our eyes and our brain can only approach a restricted quantity of frames, building various patterns or illusions. For instance, if the spinner is rotating clockwise, we may well perceive that the object is rotating counterclockwise.
The brain has a scanner that processes events every single 10 to 20 milliseconds, and this is much less than our minimal ‘now’, which is 50 milliseconds. Dr. Michael Persinger determined that this is an optimal pace for our brain and our awareness. Also, there is an “unconscious processing” prior to becoming conscious of actual reality. Strictly speaking, our present is the continuous sum of processed packets of a reality that currently occurred some milliseconds ago.
Considering the fact that Einstein, it is clear that time is relative. The more rapidly you move by means of space, the much less time you consume. But time can also be modulated according to mood, situations, and feelings.