False Testimony, Sexual Violence, and Speaking Out: Some Biblical Texts

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False Testimony, Sexual Violence, and Speaking Out: Some Biblical Texts












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False Testimony, Sexual Violence, and Speaking Out: Some Biblical Texts

The Judiciary Committee’s hearings around the appointment of Judge Brett Kavanaugh raise questions about what the Bible says about false testimony, sexual violence, and the responsibility of victims to speak out immediately.  The following quotations (from the English Standard Version) are offered for reflection.
Exodus 20:16  “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. [The 9th Commandment; so also Deuteronomy 5.20.  Cf. Jesus’ affirmation of this Commandment: Matthew 19.18; Mark 10.19; Luke 18.20.]
Exodus 23:1 “You shall not spread a false report. You shall not join hands with a wicked man to be a malicious witness.
Deuteronomy 19:16-21 If a malicious witness arises to accuse a person of wrongdoing,  17 then both parties to the dispute shall appear before the LORD, before the priests and the judges who are in office in those days.  18 The judges shall inquire diligently, and if the witness is a false witness and has accused his brother falsely,  19 then you shall do to him as he had meant to do to his brother. So you shall purge the evil from your midst.  20 And the rest shall hear and fear, and shall never again commit any such evil among you.  21 Your eye shall not pity. It shall be life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.
Psalm 27:11-12 Teach me your way, O LORD, and lead me on a level path because of my enemies.  12 Give me not up to the will of my adversaries; for false witnesses have risen against me, and they breathe out violence.
Proverbs 6:12-19 A worthless person, a wicked man, goes about with crooked speech,  13 winks with his eyes, signals with his feet, points with his finger,  14 with perverted heart devises evil, continually sowing discord;  15 therefore calamity will come upon him suddenly; in a moment he will be broken beyond healing.  16 There are six things that the LORD hates, seven that are an abomination to him:  17 haughty eyes, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood,  18 a heart that devises wicked plans, feet that make haste to run to evil,  19 a false witness who breathes out lies, and one who sows discord among brothers.
Proverbs 12:17-22 Whoever speaks the truth gives honest evidence, but a false witness utters deceit.  18 There is one whose rash words are like sword thrusts, but the tongue of the wise brings healing.  19 Truthful lips endure forever, but a lying tongue is but for a moment.  20 Deceit is in the heart of those who devise evil, but those who plan peace have joy.  21 No ill befalls the righteous, but the wicked are filled with trouble.  22 Lying lips are an abomination to the LORD, but those who act faithfully are his delight.
Proverbs 19:5 A false witness will not go unpunished, and he who breathes out lies will not escape. [Also, v. 9.]
Proverbs 21:28  A false witness will perish, but the word of a man who hears will endure.
Proverbs 25:18  A man who bears false witness against his neighbor is like a war club, or a sword, or a sharp arrow.
Matthew 15:19-20  For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murder, adultery, sexual immorality, theft, false witness, slander.  20 These are what defile a person….
Matthew 26:59-61  Now the chief priests and the whole Council were seeking false testimony against Jesus that they might put him to death,  60 but they found none, though many false witnesses came forward. At last two came forward  61 and said, “This man said, ‘I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to rebuild it in three days.'”  [Also Mark 14.56-68.]
Acts 6:12-13  And they stirred up the people and the elders and the scribes, and they came upon him and seized him and brought him before the council,  13 and they set up false witnesses who said, “This man never ceases to speak words against this holy place and the law,
Claims of Sexual Misconduct
Genesis 39:6-20 So he left all that he had in Joseph’s charge, and because of him he had no concern about anything but the food he ate. Now Joseph was handsome in form and appearance.  7 And after a time his master’s wife cast her eyes on Joseph and said, “Lie with me.”  8 But he refused and said to his master’s wife, “Behold, because of me my master has no concern about anything in the house, and he has put everything that he has in my charge.  9 He is not greater in this house than I am, nor has he kept back anything from me except yourself, because you are his wife. How then can I do this great wickedness and sin against God?”  10 And as she spoke to Joseph day after day, he would not listen to her, to lie beside her or to be with her.  11 But one day, when he went into the house to do his work and none of the men of the house was there in the house,  12 she caught him by his garment, saying, “Lie with me.” But he left his garment in her hand and fled and got out of the house.  13 And as soon as she saw that he had left his garment in her hand and had fled out of the house,  14 she called to the men of her household and said to them, “See, he has brought among us a Hebrew to laugh at us. He came in to me to lie with me, and I cried out with a loud voice.  15 And as soon as he heard that I lifted up my voice and cried out, he left his garment beside me and fled and got out of the house.”  16 Then she laid up his garment by her until his master came home,  17 and she told him the same story, saying, “The Hebrew servant, whom you have brought among us, came in to me to laugh at me.  18 But as soon as I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment beside me and fled out of the house.”  19 As soon as his master heard the words that his wife spoke to him, “This is the way your servant treated me,” his anger was kindled.  20 And Joseph’s master took him and put him into the prison, the place where the king’s prisoners were confined, and he was there in prison.
Deuteronomy 22:13-21 “If any man takes a wife and goes in to her and then hates her  14 and accuses her of misconduct and brings a bad name upon her, saying, ‘I took this woman, and when I came near her, I did not find in her evidence of virginity,’  15 then the father of the young woman and her mother shall take and bring out the evidence of her virginity to the elders of the city in the gate.  16 And the father of the young woman shall say to the elders, ‘I gave my daughter to this man to marry, and he hates her;  17 and behold, he has accused her of misconduct, saying, “I did not find in your daughter evidence of virginity.” And yet this is the evidence of my daughter’s virginity.’ And they shall spread the cloak before the elders of the city.  18 Then the elders of that city shall take the man and whip him,  19 and they shall fine him a hundred shekels of silver and give them to the father of the young woman, because he has brought a bad name upon a virgin of Israel. And she shall be his wife. He may not divorce her all his days.  20 But if the thing is true, that evidence of virginity was not found in the young woman,  21 then they shall bring out the young woman to the door of her father’s house, and the men of her city shall stone her to death with stones, because she has done an outrageous thing in Israel by whoring in her father’s house. So you shall purge the evil from your midst.
Speaking Out About Sexual Misconduct

Deuteronomy 22:23-27 “If there is a betrothed virgin, and a man meets her in the city and lies with her,  24 then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city, and you shall stone them to death with stones, the young woman because she did not cry for help though she was in the city, and the man because he violated his neighbor’s wife. So you shall purge the evil from your midst.  25 “But if in the open country a man meets a young woman who is betrothed, and the man seizes her and lies with her, then only the man who lay with her shall die.  26 But you shall do nothing to the young woman; she has committed no offense punishable by death. For this case is like that of a man attacking and murdering his neighbor,  27 because he met her in the open country, and though the betrothed young woman cried for help there was no one to rescue her.

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