Off the Cuff #44: The Morality of Migration


The guys continue their series via the book Contemporary Ethics in 77 Arguments with a discussion of Seyla Benhabib’s chapter on citizenship: The Morality of Migration. Benhabib argues that President Obama’s DREAM Act was a moral great primarily based on human rights laws. Ward, Leroy and Joe talk about these political theories in light of President Trump’s reversal of Obama’s policy and give insight from a Christian worldview.

Chapter &amp Author

This week’s show is constructed about argument #42 in Contemporary Ethics in 77 Arguments entitled, “The Morality of Migration.” The author is Seyla Benhabib who, according to her official Yale bio, “is the Eugene Meyer Professor of Political Science and Philosophy at Yale University and was Director of the Plan in Ethics, Politics and Economics (2002-2008). Professor Benhabib was the President of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association in 2006-07, a Fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg in Berlin in 2009, at the NYU Straus Institute for the Sophisticated Study of Law and Justice in Spring 2012, and at the German Marshall Fund’s Transatlantic Academy in Washington DC in Spring 2013.”

Benhabib’s Argument

Benhabib argues that President Barack Obama’s executive order to quit deporting undocumented immigrants who came into the United States illegally as minors (DREAM Act) was the act of a accountable politician. Obama appropriately balanced, Benhabib says, the USA’s unique obligation to hospitality with two moral principles established by the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights: the correct of humans to peacefully cross borders and the correct of a government of the people today to handle their borders.

Essential Quotes for Right now

Migrations pit two moral and legal principles, foundational to the contemporary state method, against every single other. On 1 hand, the human correct of folks to move across borders no matter whether for financial, private or experienced motives or to seek asylum and refuge is assured by Articles 13 and 14 of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. On the other hand, Short article 21 of the declaration recognizes a fundamental correct to self-government, stipulating that “the will of the people today shall be the basis of the authority of government.” Beneath the existing regime of states, that basic correct consists of handle more than borders as effectively as figuring out who is to be a citizen as distinguished from a resident or an alien (p. 230).


Why not advocate a “world without the need of borders” then? From a moral point of view, no kid deserves to be born on 1 side of the border rather than yet another, and it is deeply antithetical to our moral principles to punish folks for what they can not assist becoming or carrying out. Punishment implies duty and accountability for one’s actions and options clearly, kids who via their parents’ options finish up on 1 side of the border rather than yet another can not be penalized for these options (p. 230).


If circumstances in a person’s native nation so endanger his life and effectively-becoming and he becomes prepared to threat illegality in order to survive, his correct to survival, from a moral point of view, carries as a lot weight as does the new country’s claim to handle borders against migrants. Immanuel Kant, for that reason, known as the moral claim to seek refuge or respite in the lands of yet another, a “universal correct of hospitality,” offered that the intentions of the foreigner upon arriving on foreign lands have been peaceful. Such a correct, he argued, belonged to every single human becoming placed on this planet who had to share the earth with other people (p. 231)…. These claims of interdependence demand a third moral principle—in addition to the correct of universal hospitality and the correct to self-government—to be brought into consideration: associative obligations amongst peoples arising via historical variables (p. 231–232).


The United States owes these young people today a unique duty of hospitality, not only simply because we, as a society, have benefited from the situations below which their parents entered this nation, but also simply because they have formed robust affiliations with this society via becoming our buddies, students, neighbors and coworkers…. Migratory movements are web-sites of imperfect justice in that they bring into play the person correct to freedom of movement, the universal correct to hospitality and the correct of collectives to self-government as effectively as distinct associative moral obligations (p. 232).

Associated Stories or Books

President Donald Trump has caught a lot of heat for rescinding the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals system with a six-month wind-down. Handful of people today appear conscious that he’s ending an administrative amnesty for illegal aliens that President Barack Obama lacked the constitutional and legal authority to implement.

How do we know? Mainly because even Obama admitted it – repeatedly.

Responding in October 2010 to demands that he implement immigration reforms unilaterally, Obama declared, “I am not king. I cannot do these points just by myself.” In March 2011, he stated that with “respect to the notion that I can just suspend deportations via executive order, that is just not the case.” In Might 2011, he acknowledged that he couldn’t “just bypass Congress and alter the (immigration) law myself. … That is not how a democracy operates.”

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DACA Is and Will Generally Be Constitutional

The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals system has been an unqualified results.

Because its creation 5 years ago, it has permitted almost 800,000 young guys and girls who came to this nation as kids — or Dreamers — to attend college, assistance their households, acquire residences, commence careers, contribute to their communities, and pursue their dreams. DACA has been a big driver of financial development for cities and states that reap the rewards of new tax dollars from DACA recipients’ huge purchases and new jobs. It is no surprise then that almost 78 % of American voters agree that Dreamers need to be permitted to keep in the nation.

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The U.S. Supreme Court and Obama’s Immigration Actions

The Supreme Court split four-four in a June 23, 2016 choice and affirmed a reduce court’s ruling blocking 1 of the president’s deferred action applications, recognized as DAPA. The 1-web page judgment issued by the court did not set a legal precedent but correctly kept millions of undocumented immigrants in the United States below the threat of deportation. The choice was a deep setback for the White Property. The write-up under previewed the case.

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The Morality of Migration

BY SEYLA BENHABIB JULY 29, 2012 five:00 PM

[This is Benhabib’s original article reprinted in the book] In announcing the Division of Homeland Security’s policy directive on June 15 stating that undocumented migrant youths who meet particular circumstances would no longer be deported, President Obama stated that “It was the correct issue to do.” What he did not say was no matter whether he meant “the correct thing” legally or morally.

Of course, he regarded the action to be legal, even even though this invocation of his administration’s energy drew robust criticism from several, such as Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia. But the president’s grounds for believing it moral have been a lot much less clear.

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About this Series

Our universities, grade schools, and media are led by a diversity of thinkers who are every single, in their personal way, advancing a basic “rethink” of how we do Ethics: a titanic shift that will forever alter the way you and I knowledge every day life. The 1 unifying theme which connects this hodgepodge of ethical theories is the wish to marginalize Christian thinkers committed to orthodoxy and eliminate from the public square any meaningful discussion of the Judeo-Christian worldview. What consequences may perhaps come from this social-experiment on Western civilization, no one knows for positive, but the guys have some concepts on what lies ahead. Offered the virulence of this moral seed-alter, Leroy, Ward and Joe decided to make a series of videocasts committed to exposing the barrenness of this new ethical adventure.  The framework for this series is constructed about the book Contemporary Ethics in 77 Arguments: A Stone Reader which was adapted from the NY Occasions columns of different Philosophers and thinkers hoping to lead this naturalist-revolution. You may perhaps be new to Off the Cuff, so really feel free of charge to catch up on previous episodes. We also encourage listeners to get a copy of the book, study ahead for every single week’s show, and join our reside broadcast with you queries and insights.


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