Something with Israel is important as it stands at the center point of Biblical prophecy. So it ought to come as no surprise to discover that just as we see patterns all about us in God’s creation (golden phi ratio, fractals and so forth.), and His Word (see here and here), Israel’s history also includes outstanding patterns demonstrating God’s design and style…
Israel’s 490 Year Cycles
Have you ever wondered why Christ commanded us to forgive our brothers “490 times” (Matt 18:21-22) or why “490 years” was the excellent prophetic timeline revealed to Daniel? The answer, I think, is that God determines and measures the redemptive history of Israel in cycles of 490 (70 x 7) years. God appears to have divided Israel’s history into 4 490-year cycles:
1. From Abraham to the Exodus (490 Years).
From Abraham’s birth till the providing of the Law at Mount Sinai and the starting of a new era (Galatians three:17) are 505 years (Note: This time frame is obtained by basically adding the numbers of years provided in Scripture). Nevertheless, the 15 years when Abraham had lapsed from faith in God’s guarantee and went in to Hagar (Genesis 16:three) till the promised seed was ultimately born (Genesis 21:five) ought to be deducted from this, leaving 490 years throughout which Abraham and his descendants have been abiding below the covenant guarantee.
two. From Exodus to the Dedication of the Temple (490 Years).
From the providing of the Law at Mount Sinai till the dedication of Solomon’s temple are 601 years. Nevertheless, the 111 years below the Judges throughout which God withdrew His protection from Israel ought to be deducted from this, when once more leaving 490 years.
three. From the Temple to Nehemiah’s return (490 Years).
From the dedication of the temple in c. 1000 BC to Artaxerxes’ commandment to create Jerusalem in 444 BC (Nehemiah two:18) are 560 years. Nevertheless, the 70-year captivity in Babylon ought to be deducted from this, leaving c. 490 years.
four. From Nehemiah’s return to Israel’s final establishment in the millennial kingdom (490 Years).
The fourth cycle is really stated in Scripture in the excellent “seventy week” prophecy of Daniel 9:24-27. The opening words of the prophecy make this clear: “Seventy weeks have been declared for your people today and your holy city…” (Daniel 9:24). The phrase “seventy weeks” actually indicates in Hebrew “70 sevens” (70 x 7), and the context demands that the sevens be reckoned in years—seventy sevens of years, which would be a total of 490 years.
Additionally, Daniel’s prophecy states that the 490 years are divided into 3 periods. Right after the initially two periods (69 weeks or 483 years), the cycle terminates in the crucifixion of the Messiah (Daniel 9:25-26) as God breaks His covenant relation with His people today. The cycle begins once more when the final seven-year period begins—the so-known as “70th week of Daniel” (Daniel 9:27 Revelation six-19). As a result, Daniel’s prophecy is a main confirmation that God determines and measures the redemptive history of Israel in cycles of 490 (70 x 7) years! In truth, it was this prophecy that initially led Sir Edward Denny to the discovery of the 490 year cycles.
But the most incredible element of the prophecy is that it pinpoints the Precise date of Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem—over 600 years just before it occurred! In Daniel 9:25 we study:
“Know thus and fully grasp, that from the going forth of the command to restore and create Jerusalem till Messiah the Prince, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks…” (Daniel 9:25)
According to the prophecy, from the command to rebuild Jerusalem there would be seven weeks (49 years) and sixty-two far more weeks (434 years)—a total of 483 years, or 173,880 days (employing 360-day prophetic years)—until the Messiah would show up, i.e. Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem (which is when Jesus publicly declared that he was the Messiah).
We know from history that the command to “restore and rebuild Jerusalem” was provided by King Artaxerxes of Persia to Nehemiah on March five, 444 BC (Nehemiah two:1–8). Adding 173,880 days to March five, 444 BC gives March 30, AD 33—the precise date of Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem!
May perhaps I remind you that Jesus created his “triumphal entry” into Jerusalem four days just before His crucifixion (Matthew 21:1-9) and 4 days just after March 30, AD 33 is Friday April three, AD 33—which just so occurs to be the most most likely date for the crucifixion (see: Proof for Jesus’ Crucifixion on April three, 33 AD). What a outstanding fulfillment of prophecy!
Israel’s 70/7 Year Pattern
All through the Old Testament, Israel’s inextricable hyperlink to the quantity 70 is unmistakable:
in the Bible, the odds against this occurring by opportunity are astronomical, suggesting divine orchestration.
If the recurring pattern of 70’s in Israel’s important historical events is not uncanny sufficient, take into account the following prophetically significant events that shaped the contemporary nation of Israel: