The Crucifixion And Death Of Jesus Christ.

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The
Following Was Sent To Us Via Email And We Felt That It Was An
Appropriate Post For This Easter Season. It Was Condensed From
“The
Crucifixion Of Jesus Christ”

By C. Truman Davis, M.S. March, 1965

A
MEDICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE CRUCIFIXION

OF
JESUS CHRIST

After
the
Passover
Meal,
Jesus
and His Disciples went to the
Garden
Of Gethsemane
so
Jesus could pray
.

THE
BLOODY SWEAT

The physical trauma of Christ
begins in the Garden Of Gethsemane with one of the initial aspects of
His suffering – the bloody sweat. It is interesting that the
physician of the group, St. Luke, is the only one to mention this.

Though very rare, the
phenomenon of hemathidrosis, or bloody sweat, is well documented.
Under great emotional stress, tiny capillaries in the sweat glands
can break, thus mixing blood with sweat. This process alone could
have produced marked weakness and possible shock.

JESUS
IS ARRESTED

After His arrest in the middle
of the night, Jesus was brought before the Sanhedrin (the ruling
council) and Caiaphas, the High Priest. A soldier struck Jesus
across the face for remaining silent when questioned by Caiaphas.
The palace guards then blindfolded Him and mockingly taunted Him to
identify them as they each passed by; they spat on Him and struck Him
in the face.

JESUS
CONDEMNED TO CRUCIFIXION

In the early morning, Jesus,
battered and bruised, dehydrated, and exhausted from a sleepless
night, was taken across Jerusalem to the Praetorium of the Fortress
Antonia. It was there, in response to the cries of the mob, that
Pilate ordered Bar-Abbas released and condemned Jesus to scourging
and crucifixion.

THE
SCOURGING

Preparations for the scourging
are carried out. The prisoner is stripped of His clothing and His
hands tied to a post above His head.

The Roman legionnaire steps
forward with the flagrum in his hand. This is a short whip
consisting of several heavy, leather thongs with two small balls of
lead attached to the ends of each.

The heavy whip is brought down
with full force again and again across Jesus’ shoulders, back and
legs.

At first the heavy thongs cut
through the skin only. Then, as the blows continue, they cut deeper
into subcutaneous tissues, producing first an oozing of blood from
the capillaries and veins of the skin, and finally spurting arterial
bleeding from vessels in the underlying muscles.

The small balls of
lead first produce large, deep bruises which are broken open by
subsequent blows.  Finally the skin of the back
is hanging in long ribbons and the entire area is an unrecognizable
mass of torn, bleeding tissue.

When it is determined by the
centurion in charge that the prisoner is near death, the beating is
stopped.

THE
MOCKERY

The half-fainting Jesus is
then untied and allowed to slump to the stone pavement, wet with His
own blood.

The Roman soldiers see a great joke in this provincial
Jew claiming to be a king. They throw a robe across His shoulders
and place a stick in His hand for a scepter.

A small bundle of
flexible branches covered with long thorns is pressed into His scalp.  Again there is copious
bleeding (the scalp being one of the most vascular areas in the
body).

After mocking Him and striking Him across the face, the
soldiers take the stick from His hand and strike Him across the head,
driving the thorns deeper into His scalp.  Finally, they tire of
their sadistic sport and the robe is torn from His back.

The robe
had already started sticking to the clots of blood and serum in the
wounds, and its removal, just as in the careless removal of a
surgical bandage, cause excruciating pain – almost as though He were
again being whipped, and the wounds again begin to bleed.

THE
WALK TO CRUCIFIXION

The heavy beam of the cross is
then tied across His shoulders, and the procession of the condemned
Christ, two thieves and the execution detail, begins its slow
journey.

The weight of the heavy wooden beam, together with the
shock produced by copious blood loss, is too much. He stumbles and
falls. The rough wood of the beam gouges into the lacerated skin and
muscles of His shoulders. He tries to rise, but human muscles have
been pushed beyond their endurance.

The centurion, anxious to
proceed with the crucifixion, selected a stalwart North African
onlooker, Simon of Cyrene, to carry the cross.

Jesus followed, still
bleeding and sweating the cold, clammy sweat of shock. The 650-yard
journey from the Fortress Antonia to Golgotha was finally completed.
The prisoner was again stripped of His clothing except for a loin
cloth which was allowed the Jews.

THE
NAILS OF CRUCIFIXION

At Golgotha, the beam is
placed on the ground and Jesus is quickly thrown backward with His
shoulders against the wood. The legionnaire feels for the depression
at the front of the wrist. He drives a heavy, square, wrought-iron
nail through the wrist and deep into the wood.

Quickly, he moves to the other
side and repeats the action, being careful not to pull the arms too
tightly, but to allow some flexion and movement. The beam is then
lifted in place at the top of the posts and a sign reading “Jesus
of Nazareth, King of the Jews” is nailed in place.

THE
PAIN OF CRUCIFIXION

The left foot is pressed
backward against the right foot, and with both feet extended, toes
down, a nail is driven through the arch of each. As he pushes
Himself upward to avoid the stretching torment, He places His full
weight on the nail through His feet.

There is searing agony of the
nail tearing through the nerves between the metatarsal bones through
the feet.

As Jesus slowly sagged down
with more weight on the nails in the wrists, excruciating, fiery pain
shot along the fingers and up the arms to explode in the brain. The
nails in the wrists were putting pressure on the median nerve, large
nerve trunks which traverse the mid-wrist and hand.

As He pushed himself upward to
avoid this stretching torment, He placed His full weight on the nail
through His feet. Again there was searing agony as the nail tore
through the nerves between the metatarsal bones of this feet.

THE
MEDICAL EFFECTS OF CRUCIFIXION

As the arms fatigue, great
waves of cramps sweep over the muscles, knotting them in deep,
relentless, throbbing pain.

With these cramps comes the inability to
push Himself upward. Hanging by His arms, the pectoral muscles are
unable to act. Air can be drawn into the lungs, but cannot be
exhaled. Jesus fights to raise Himself in order to get even one
short breath.

Finally, carbon dioxide builds
up in the lungs and in the blood stream and the cramps partially
subside. Spasmodically, He is able to push Himself upward to exhale
and bring in the life-giving oxygen.

Hours of this limitless pain,
cycles of twisting, joint-rending cramps, intermittent partial
asphyxiation, searing pain as tissue is torn from His lacerated back
as He moves up and down against the rough timber.

Then another agony
begins. A deep crushing pain deep in the chest as the pericardium
slowly fills with serum and begins to compress the heart.

The compressed heart is
struggling to pump heavy, thick, sluggish blood into the tissues –
the tortured lungs are making a frantic effort to gasp in small gulps
of air. The markedly dehydrated tissues send their flood of stimuli
to the brain. Jesus gasps, “I thirst.”

THE
LAST GASP

He
could feel the chill of death creeping through His tissues. This
realization brought forth little more than a tortured whisper:
It
is finished
.”

His mission of atonement had been completed. Finally, He could
allow His body to die. With one last surge of strength, He once again
pressed His torn feet against the nail, straightened His legs, took a
deeper breath, and uttered His last cry:
“Father,
into Your hands I commit My spirit.”

The
common method of ending a crucifixion was by crurifracture, the
breaking of the bones of the leg. This prevented the victim from
pushing himself upward; the tension could not be relieved from the
muscles of the chest, and rapid suffocation occurred.

The legs of
the two thieves were broken, but when the soldiers approached
Jesus,
they saw that this was not necessary.

Apparently, to make doubly
sure of death, the legionnaire drove his lance between the ribs,
upward through the pericardium and into the heart.

Thus
there was an escape of watery fluid from the sac surrounding the
heart and the blood of the interior of the heart. This is rather
conclusive post-mortem evidence that
Jesus
died,
not the usual crucifixion death by suffocation, but of heart failure
due to shock and constriction of the heart by fluid in the
pericardium.

RESURRECTION

In these events, we have seen
a glimpse of the evil that man can exhibit toward his fellowman and
toward God.

But
the
Crucifixion
was not the end of the story. How grateful we can be that we have a
sequel: a glimpse of the infinite mercy of God toward man — the gift
of atonement, the miracle of the resurrection, and the expectation of
Easter morning.

Our
Note:

Jesus loved us so much that He was willing to suffer and die a
horrific death on the cross to pay the penalty due for our sins so
that you and I could have our sins forgiven, be saved and have
everlasting life.

7
SALVATION SCRIPTURE REFERENCES

John
14:6 (NASB) says
Jesus
said to him, I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes
to the Father but through Me.”

God’s
Gift Of Salvation Is Free!

To be saved, become an
Adopted
Child Of God
,
and have everlasting life, all we have to do is confess that we are a
sinner, ask God to forgive us, accept
Jesus
as
our personal savior and make Him Lord of our life. We encourage you
not to wait – do this today!

End
Of Post

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